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                                           Bee visits plants for its food, nectar and pollen



This floral fidelity of bees is due to their preference for nectars having sugar contents and pollens with higher nutritive values. Besides getting food for the bees as a result of their visit pollinate a number of crops.

Effect of bee pollination on crop:-

  • It increases yield in terms of seed yield and fruit yield in many crops
  • It improves quality of fruits and seeds
  • Bee pollination increases oil content of seeds in sunflower
  • Bee pollination is a must in some self incompatible crops for seed set

Crops benefited by bee pollination:-

Fruits and nuts: Almond, apple, apricot, peach, strawberry, citrus and litchi
Vegetable and Vegetable seed crops: Cabbage, cauliflower, carrot, coriander, cucumber, melon, onion, pumpkin, radish and turnip.
pollinating-courgetteOil seed crops: Sunflower, niger, rape seed, mustard, safflower, gingelly.
Forage seed crops: Lucerne, clover.


Scope of beekeeping for pollination in India: Total area of bee dependant crops in India is around 50 million hectare. One hundred and fifty million colonies are needed to meet this, at the rate of 3 colonies per hectare.